Extremely high or unusually hot temperatures can affect your health.
Most vulnerable are:
- The elderly
- Those who work or exercise outdoors
- Infants and children
- The homeless or poor
- People with a chronic medical condition
The Trauma Center at University of Louisville Hospital encourages all to take the necessary precautions to prevent serious health effects such as heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
- Stay in air-conditioned buildings
- Do not rely on a fan as your primary cooling device
- Limit outdoor activity, especially midday when it is the hottest part of the day, and avoid direct sunlight
- Wear loose, lightweight, light-colored clothing
- Take cool showers or baths to lower your body temperature
- Check on at-risk friends, family and neighbors at least twice a day
- Drink more than usual and don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink.
- Drink from two to four cups of water every hour while working or exercising outside.
- Avoid alcohol or liquids containing high amounts of sugar.
- Make sure your family, friends and neighbors are drinking enough water.
- Check your local news for extreme heat warnings and safety tips.
- Visit the Louisville Metro website to find local more resources to prevent heat sickness.
- Keep your friends, family and neighbors aware of weather and heat safety information.
Heat exhaustion symptoms
- Heavy sweating
- Skin cold, pale, and clammy
- Weak pulse
- Fainting and vomiting
What you should do for heat exhaustion
- Move to a cooler location
- Lie down and loosen your clothing
- Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of your body as possible
- Sip water
- If you have vomited and it continues, seek medical attention immediately
Heat stroke symptoms
- High body temperature (above103°F)*
- Hot, red, dry or moist skin
- Rapid and strong pulse
- Possible unconsciousness
What you should do for heat stroke
- Call 911 immediately — this is a medical emergency
- Move the person to a cooler environment
- Reduce the person’s body temperature with cool cloths or even a bath
- Do NOT give fluids